Music and Dance of Gujarat

Gujarat is quite famous and well known for its dynamic traditions of classical and folk music. They are the heart and soul of Gujarat. The traditional culture of Gujaratis with their traditional music and dance form of Garba, Garbi, Raas and other are well known and finds attraction to tourists. Raas and Garba dance forms are said to have been passed on by Lord Krishna, who spent his childhood at Gokul while he played the flute.

Folk songs, classical music and an array of distinctive classical ragas have exemplary features with distinctive music variations. A special variety of music which can be classified as temple-music was indeed produced by the Vaishnava cult in Gujarat. Communities like Charans and Gadhavis are some communities whose hereditary profession is folk music and arts have indeed done a great deal to preserve the tradition of the folk music of Gujarat in its pure form itself.

The different types of folk songs in Gujarat include lullabies, nuptial songs, festive songs and Rannade songs.

Gujarat is also known for having produced its own folk instruments besides the vast contributions to classical and folk music. It is indeed worth mentioning that wind instruments like Turi, Bungal, Pava and string instruments like Ravan Hattho, Ektaro, and Jantar, and percussion instruments like Manjira and Zanz pot drum are omnipresent in the folk sounds of Gujarat. Territorial names of Gujarat such as Gujaqri Todi, Bilaval (from Veraval), Sorathi, (from Sorath), Khambavati (from Khambhat, Cambay), Ahiri and Lati are the names borne by a number of ragas in the field of classical music. Thereby they are indeed quite noteworthy as they are very valuable gifts of Gujarat contributed to the classical music tradition of India.

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