Music of Turks and Caicos

The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the United Kingdom. They are most well known for ripsaw music.
Ripsaw is accompanied by an array of instruments, including maracas, triangles, box guitar, conga drums, goat and cowskin drums, accordion, concertina and, most prominently and uniquely, the carpenter saw. The saw is scraped with a metal object, such as a screwdriver, to produce a unique sound; this is called ripping the saw.
The use of the saw (which is the origin of the term ripsaw) is of uncertain origin, but may be in imitation of the Dominican and Haitian guido or exiled slaves from the United States reproducing the shekere and djembe, traditional African instruments. Ripsaw is also known in the Bahamas, or at least a closely related style called rake and scrape. There, rake and scrape is closely associated with Cat Island, the home of many expatriate Turks and Caicos islanders who moved there looking for work in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. Many Bahamian musicians are from the islands, including The Cooling Waters, Sly Roker, Bradley Dean, Marvin Handfield, Perry Delancy, Leo Jones and Count Bernardino. Many of these expatriates have since returned to Turks and Caicos, bringing with them Bahamian junkanoo music.
Modern ripsaw pioneers include Tell and the Rakooneers and Lovey Forbes, who created a new style called combina in the early 1980s, using genres from across the Caribbean and the US as inspiration; these included jazz, calypso, soca and reggae.

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