Kerala has national parks, bird sanctuaries, wildlife sanctuaries and tiger reserves. Kerala is famous for its rich and diverse flora and fauna, is also home to a innumerable species of rare wildlife found nowhere else on the world which gives the tourist a rare sight.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Idukki – The Sanctuary is located in the rainshadow region of Western Ghats of Kerala and it causes thorny scrub forests. The sanctuary is home to a large variety of plants and animals. The Chinnar River and Pambar rivers are the main perennial water resources in the sanctuary. The enchanting Thoovanam water falls lie deep within the Sanctuary on the Pambar River. This breathtaking cascade is a major tourist attraction. During your journey from Karimuthi to Chinnar you get to watch wild animals such as spotted deer, monkeys, elephants and peacocks roaming freely on either side of the road. This sanctuary is a natural habitat for wild animals such as the elephants, grizzly giant squirrel, loris, gaur, sambhar, chital, munjtac, leopards, hanuman monkey, panthers, sloth bear, rabbits and star tortoise.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary – Parambikulam Sanctuary is in Chittur taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala between the Anaimalai mountain ranges and Nelliampathy mountain ranges Parambikulam has one of the largest population of gaur (bison). It is also a habitat to elephants, sambhars, chital tigers,sloth bears, wild boars, panthers and crocodiles. There are also bonnet macaques, kraits, turtles, darters, spectacled cobras, vipers, little cormorants and black eagles. This national park has a thick cover of bamboo, rosewood and sandalwood trees. You can enjoy an exciting ride boat cruising on the marshes inside the sanctuary. The sanctuary has two watchtowers at Anappadi and Zungam, that help you to enjoy breathtaking views of surroundings and wildlife photography. This one of the most famous in Kerala Wildlife Sanctuaries.
Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve – Periyar, a nature reserve of Kerala is one of the most noted wildlife sanctuary in India. The park is famous by the name thekkady also. It has a picturesque lake at the heart of the sanctuary. This sanctuary formed with the building of mullaperiyar dam in 1895. Boat cruises on the lake are the best way of viewing animals at close and to explore the park. There are boat services, which will take you around the lake. The sanctuary is well known for herds of Asian elephants, having about 50 members. In addition, bonnet monkeys, porcupines, nilgai (Indian antelope), langurs, gray jungle fowl, sloth bears, tigers, leopards, barking deer, kingfishers and great Indian hornbills are found in the preserve. Trekking and elephant rides are also possible in the sanctuary.