Paraty

Paraty, which is located at the feet of the Serra da Bocaina National Park, is the end of one of the gold trails (Estrada Real) that were built end of the 17th century in order to bring gold and precious stones on horseback from historic cities like Ouro Preto and Diamantina in Minas Gerais.

Most of the colonial churches date from that time such as the fortress which served as a protection against frequent attacks from pirates and foreign ships. Commerce flourished, the farms around Paraty cultivated sugar cane and little distilleries, so called Alambiques, produced the Cachaa spirit which until today is considered one of the towns attractions.

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Paraty
Paraty, which is located at the feet of the Serra da Bocaina National Park, is the end of one of the gold trails (Estrada Real) that were built end of the 17th century in order to bring gold and precious stones on horseback from historic cities like Ouro Preto and Diamantina in Minas Gerais.

Most of the colonial churches date from that time such as the fortress which served as a protection against frequent attacks from pirates and foreign ships. Commerce flourished, the farms around Paraty cultivated sugar cane and little distilleries, so called Alambiques, produced the Cachaa spirit which until today is considered one of the towns attractions.

With the building of a paved road from the gold fields in Minas Gerais to Rio de Janeiro, Paratys importance declined sharply recovering only in the beginning of the 19th century with increasing coffee export from the Paraiba valley. The construction of the railway to Rio de Janeiro Paraty fell into oblivion a second time and only few inhabitants remained in the city. Accordingly there was no need to modernize the buildings and Paraty developed to an open air museum and was declared National Monument in 1966.