Suzhou is a well – known historical and cultural city, as well as a key scenic tourist one, and a coastal economic opening area.
The long history of the city has left behind many attractive scenic spots and historical sites with beautiful and interesting legends. The elegant classical gardens, the old – fashioned houses and delicate bridges hanging over flowing waters in the drizzling rain, the beautiful lakes with undulating hills in lush green, the numerous scenic spots and historical sites, and the exquisite arts and crafts, etc. have made Suzhou a renowned historical and cultural city full of eternal and poetic charm.
Suzhou was the capital of the Wu State during the Spring and Autumn Period. In 514 BC, by the command of King He Lu of Wu, his senior minister Wu Zixu built the Great City of He Lu, and its wall measured 23.5 kilometres in circumsference with 8 pairs of land – and – water gates. The city began to take the name of Suzhou and Gusu City during the Sui Dynasty. Numerous changes have taken place in Suzhou through its vast history. Yet, in spite of repeated devastation, the city is still seated exactly on the original site as it was 2500 years ago, which is indeed an instance rarely found in the world.
Situated at longtitude 120 36’E and latitude 31 19’N, Suzhou falls into subtropical zone, with annual average tempreture 16 C, annual average rainfall 1200mm, and sunshine over 2000 hours. The mild climate, enough sunshine and sufficent water resources make Suzhou a land abundant in produce.Suzhou, the ancient city, rich in its natural and man resources, has been praised as a paradise on earth since ancient times. It becomes more and more attractive. As the policy of reform and opening to the outside goes further, the unprecedented changes in economy and society have taken place, and the unique advantages in economy and great potential of Suzhou are showing clearly. It has become an opening city with a fairly developed economy, prosperous business, easy communications and internationally closed relations. It is also a great investment place with favorable conditions