The Nyika National Park

The Nyika National Park was the first officially certified national park in the country. It was founded in 1062. It stretches over the majority of the Nyika Plateau area in the Northern Region and covers an area of over 3,000 sq. km. The Nyika and Tumbuka people are known to have inhabited the park since time immemmorial and were only relocated to pave way for the creation of the park in the early twentieth century. Artefacts and iron smelters still found on the plateau are evidence of this lengthy human habitation. The Nyika is mainly covered with treeless grasslands, endless rolling hills and small parts of evergreen forest in the ravines and valleys. You can also find some waterfalls on rivers flowing off the high plateau. The Nyika National Park is home to large herds of zebra, eland, roan antelope, sable antelope, lichtenstein’s hartebeest, kudu reedbuck, bushbuck, duiker, and warthog. It houses the largest concentration of leopard in the country. The nocturnal family of wild animals include hyena, jackal, civet cat, honey badger, porcupine and aardvark. There are apparently no lions in the park.

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: Material on the Nyika and Tumbuka people added by Damazio Mfune, PhD Student (Philosophy and Literature), Rhodes University, South Africa

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