Trier is a 2000-year-old Roman city near Luxembourg, the oldest city in Germany! It was home to six Roman emperors and has many ruins including the impressive Porta Nigra (the Black Gate), a four-story structure that was once part of the city’s walls. Roma Secunda, the second Rome, was another name for Trier, and nowhere else in Germany are Roman times so vividly recalled as here.

The city is situated in a rather narrow valley of the river Moselle and surrounded by forests, wineyards and nice villages. Trier itself has about a 100.000 inhabitants and a strange sounding dialect. It is also the birthplace of Karl Marx and a university town with a lively nightlife and interesting Franco-German cuisine.


Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the German border with Luxembourg and within the important Mosel wine-growing region.


Porta Nigra, the best preserved Roman city gate north of the Alps.

Liebfrauenkirche (German for Church of Our Lady), which is one of the most important early Gothic cathedrals in Germany and follows into the architectural tradition of the French Gothic cathedrals.

Roman bridge (Romerbrcke) across the Moselle River, which is the oldest bridge north of the Alps still crossed by traffic.

Trier Cathedral (German – Trierer Dom or Dom St. Peter), a Roman Catholic church which dates back to Roman times and is home to the Holy Tunic, a garment that presumably goes back to the robe Jesus was wearing when he died. It is only exhibited every few decades, at irregular intervals.

Rheinisches Landesmuseum – one of the two most important German archaeological museums for the Roman period, along with the Romisch-Germanisches Museum in Cologne.

Ethnological and open air museum Roscheider Hof, a museum in the neighboring town of Konz, right at the city limits of Trier, which shows the history of rural culture in the northwest Rhineland Palatinate and in the area where Germany, Luxembourg and Lorraine meet.

Kaiserthermen – The best Roman Bath in Trier with winding underground passages you can negotiate or get lost in, depending on your sense of direction. Here is a view of the baths with typical slate roofs showing through the arch.

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