The Ural Mountains also known simply as the Urals, are a mountain range that run roughly north and south through western Russia. The Urals are among the world’s oldest extant mountain ranges. For its age of 250 to 300 million years, the elevation of the mountains is unusually high. They were formed during the late Carboniferous period, when western Siberia collided with eastern Baltica and Kazakhstania to form the supercontinent of Laurasia. Erosion has exposed considerable mineral wealth in the Urals, including gems such as Topaz and Beryl.


The Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage site.