Valaam, also known historically by the Finnish name ‘Valamo’, is an archipelago in the northern portion of Lake Ladoga, lying within the Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation. The total is 50 islands. The largest island is also called Valaam. It is best known as the site of the Valaam Monastery and for its natural beauty.

The name of the island comes from Finno-Ugric Valomo – which means The high, mountain land. The monks living there found this name harmonious to the name of the bible prophet so they named the island Valaam. Today the island Valaam itself and the male monastery located on the island is the united architectural complex.


Those who love nature and history must visit this cultural center. The monks transformed this wild northern island into flourishing garden. More than 480 species of the plants grow on the island many of which have been cultivated by monks. The monks did not cut down the trees but used for their needs only the trees that had been tumbled down by the wind. Therefore Valaam is still covered by the virgin taiga. From the highest points of island one can enjoy the magnificent views to the Ladoga Lake. Other islands of archipelago create the world of fantastic landscapes with the rocks and the gulfs.

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