Vladimir, Russia one of the oldest and most famous cities of Russia is the center of the Vladimir region. It is the unique Russian city with the millennial history, which starts at the end of the X century when Kievan Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich founded the city on the bank of the Klyazma River.
Today Vladimir is the center of the Vladimirskaya Region, its industrial, educational and cultural center.
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Vladimir is famous for its unique cathedrals dating back to the XII century. Four of them are included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.
The magnificent five-domed Assumption Cathedral was designed as a sepulcher of grand princes and dedicated to the holy icon Theotokos of Vladimir, which had been brought to the city by Andrew the Pious. The cathedral was constructed in 11581160, expanded in 11851189, and painted by the great Andrei Rublev and Daniil Chyorny in 1408. In 1810, they added a lofty bell-tower in Neoclassical style.
The warrior-like cathedral of St. Demetrius was built in 11941197 as a private chapel of Vsevolod the Big Nest in the courtyard of his palace and was consecrated to his holy patron, St. Demetrius. For all its formal unity, the cathedral represents a truly international project of Russian and Byzantine masters, Friedrich Barbarossa’s masons, and carvers sent by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
The Golden Gate, originally a tower over the city’s main gate, was built in 11581164. The gate acquired its present form after having been grossly reconstructed in the late 18th century, to prevent the dilapidated structure from tumbling down.
Other remarkable monuments of pre-Mongol Russian architecture are scattered in the vicinity. For more information on them, see Suzdal, Yuriev-Polsky, Bogolyubovo, and Kideksha.