Weather in Russia

Weather in Russia remains cold most of the year. The Weather in Russia has considerable impact on the lifestyle of the people of Russia. Tourists and travelers from all over the world come here to spend their much awaited vacation with family and friends.
Because of its sheer size and compact landform, Russia has a largely continental climate. A major portion of Russia is more than 400 kilometers from the sea. The center of the country is 3,840 kilometers from the sea. The influence of moderate temperatures from the Indian and Pacific oceans is blocked by Russia’s mountain ranges in the south and the east of the country. But European Russia and northern Siberia lack such topographic protection from the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans.
As only small parts of Russia are south of 50° north latitude and more than half of the country is north of 60° north latitude, most parts of the country experience six months of snow covered over subsoil. The snow is permanently frozen to depths of several hundred meters. The average annual temperature of entire European Russia is below freezing. The average for most of Siberia is freezing or below.
Summer and winter are the only two seasons in most of Russia. There are very short intervals of moderation between them. The entire transportation routes, including railway lines, are redirected in winter to traverse rock-solid waterways and lakes. Very few areas are important exceptions to this description.
An intense high-pressure system in winter causes winds to blow from the south and the southwest in all but the Pacific region of the Russia. During summer a low-pressure system brings winds from the north and the northwest to most of the country.
As Russia is not much exposed to ocean influences, most of the country receives low to moderate amounts of precipitation. The wettest areas are the subtropical region close to the Caucasus and along the Pacific coast. Along the Baltic coast, the average yearly precipitation is 600 millimeters, and in Moscow it is 525 millimeters.
The long duration and severity of the winter along with the drastic fluctuations in the mean summer and winter temperatures, necessitates special requirements not only on many branches of the economy but also on the daily life of people.