Weimar has played an important role in the development of German culture. The name is still inseparably connected with Goethe, Schiller, Herder and Nietzsche, who all made it their home. The same did the Cranachs and J.S. Bach as well as the architects and designers of the Bauhaus school. Weimar’s part in the politics of Germany is scarcely less significant: It was chosen as the seat of government of the democratic republic.
==== WEIMAR – SIGHTSEEING
The Goethe Museum – Ohann Wolfgang von Goethe studied here and wrote here his most famous work Faust. The house had been given to him by the Duke Carl Augustus. In the present-day museum one can see items associated with Goethe and with other poets from the Enlightenment era in Weimar. In the Park an der Ilm stands Goethe’s first house in Weimar, now known as the Garden House. It stands in a pleasant park that Goethe helped designed, alongside the Ilm river.
The Stadtmuseum – It is devoted to the history of Weimar, but it also holds an interesting natural history collection. It is housed in a Neo-Classical house, built in the late 18th century for the publisher Justin Bertuch.
Bauhaus Museum – It is devoted to the famous art school which was founded in Weimar by Walter Gropius in 1919 moved to Dessau in 1925 and later to Berlin in 1933.
German National Theater – where constitution of the Weimar Republic was written. The building was completed in 1908 and the first performance was held there on November 1, 1908. During World War II, the National Theater building was used as an armament factory, beginning in 1944. The famous statue of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich von Schiller, Weimar’s two great writers of classical literature, was enclosed in a protective casing and escaped damage from the Allied bombing of Weimar on February 2, 1945, which destroyed the building. The building was reconstructed and reopened on February 8, 1948 with a performance of Goethe’s Faust, his most famous work. Between 1973 and 1975, the building was remodeled according to a design by architect Richard Paulik.
Schiller House – It is now a museum. Friedrich Schiller wrote here his Wilhelm Tell and spent the last years of his life here.