The nature reserve spans a total of over 26,000 ha dominated by some 3,100 sandstone and quartzite pillars rising over 200m above the surrounding landscape. These tall and proud ancient pillars are often wrapped in the mists that envelope the area. Between the pillars are numerous ravines and gorges, many with attractive streams, pools and waterfalls. There are two natural bridges at the reserve, including one of the highest in the world, rising some 360m above the valley floor. The area is great for trekking, whitewater rafting, photography or just simply to relax.
Due to the geology of the place, there are some forty caves with spectacular calcite deposits. Yellow Dragon Cave which extends over 11km is one of the longest in China and features a 50m high underground waterfall.